Dr. Ignacio Gasparri is interested in land use science in general, but especially in causes and consequences of deforestation and forest degradation in a context of agriculture commodity frontiers. He has more than 15 years experience working in the Dry Chaco region in Northern Argentina. As a researcher of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET), his activities are oriented to understand the main drivers of deforestation and degradation of the Argentine subtropical forest and to develop remote sensing application to monitoring forest resources. In particular, he participated in foundational researches about deforestation driving by soybean in the Dry Chaco.
Telecoupling of land use systems, Land governance, Land change trade-offs for ecosystem services and biodiversity , Land use and conflict
A new paper in PNAS demonstrates an approach to identify homesteads of forest-dependent people and to track their resource base over 30 years across the entire South American Gran Chaco (1.1 million km2). The transferable and scalable methodology puts forest smallholders on the map and can help to uncover the land-use conflicts at play in many deforestation frontiers across the globe.
A new paper in Sustainability Science looks at how transnational socio-ecological land systems highlight the influence of institutions under different governance regimes in defining the spatial configuration and ecological properties of regions. Land systems' asymmetries are mediated by the primary production of the ecosystems, agriculture aptitude and by contrasting perceptions and valuation of the same ecoregion across national borders. In addition, the land-use history, legacies and cultural heritage can promote land systems’ asymmetries depending on complex interactions and feedbacks of socio-ecological systems.