GLP News

China launching National Key Research and Development Programs

Related GLP Member: Lin Zhen

Prof. Dr. Lin ZHEN 
GLP SSC member 
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. 

Phone: 0086-10-64888155 

Ecological degradation is grim on global level, and the situation is severe in Chinas ecological fragile zones. In Chinas 13th five-year development plan, ecological civilization and ecological security are prioritized as key issues for the countrys sustainable development. Supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, China has recently launched 37 National Key Research and Development Programs on "Ecological restoration and protection in the typical ecological fragile zones". The programs cover 8 major themes entitled: techniques for ecosystem monitoring and assessment, forest and wetland ecosystem protection and rehabilitation in Northeastern China, integrated sandy land management in Northern China, technologies for improvement and maintenance of ecosystem structure in the Loess Plateau, enhancement of ecosystem functions and adoptive management in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, ecosystem protection and rehabilitation in middle to upper reaches of the Yangzi river, technologies for ecological security of urbanized Eastern China and ecological rehabilitation in the coast zones, and technology systems for ensuring ecological safety of the nation. These programs are financed as the first batch ecological restoration programs in Chinas 13th five-year development plan. The implementation period is from July 2016 to December 2020 for 4.5 years. 

One of the key programs is entitled "The methodology and indicator system for assessing ecological restoration technologies and evaluation of global ecosystem rehabilitation technologies" (grant number: 2016YFC0503700). This program addresses national demand and needs for ecological restoration technologies for assessing and evaluating the effects of the technologies applied for the countrys ecological restoration projects initiated sine the 10th five-year development plan in 2000. The main goals of this project are: clarifying the global ecological degradation status and needs of ecological technologies; establishing indicator system for assessment of ecological technologies; evaluating the effects of different types of ecological technologies in regions of national key ecological restoration projects are implemented, as well as different ecological degradation zones; screening appropriate ecological technologies to meet the demand of ecological civilization construction and ecological governance of China; building up ecological technology evaluation platform and integrated system; and eventually providing scientific support for China's ecosystem protection and ecological restoration and the global ecological governance. 

Led by Prof. Dr. Lin Zhen (PI), a SSC member of GLP, and jointed (Co-PIs) by 5 national recognized institutions, i.e., Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Ministry of Water Resources, Northwest Agriculture & Forest University, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower, the Monitoring Center of Soil and Water Conservation Ministry of Water Resource, Lanzhou Center for Literature and Information of CASthis program focuses on the 3 main degraded ecosystems as pilots including soil and water erosion in the Loess Plateau, desertification in Inner Mongolia and Karst rocky desertification in southwestern Guizhou province, and it will also include visits and surveys in other countries to explore potentials to import best management practices to China, and export Chinas best practices to other countries in needy. The program will produce series expected outcomes, which include 3 data base containing national and global data used for the research, atlas of distribution of ecological degradation at national and global level, 5 indicator systems and models for assessing ecological technologies, 2 national standards on evaluation of key ecological restoration technologies, 2 long list of ecological technologies and recommended best technologies, 2-4 policy briefs, 2 software and integrated application system, 15 scientific reports, more than 50 journal publications, and book publication on Assessment Report on Global Ecological Restoration Technologies. 

Project management system starts its new era, in comparison with the previous years. Affiliated to the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Administrative Center for ChinaAgenda 21 (ACCA21) is taking the responsibility on project management and coordination, who will keep very close link with the ministries and the project teams, in order to make sure that the project implementation is on the right direction as designed, and the countrys high needs on ecological restoration can be met at the end of the project implementation.