The Northern Carpathians

Trajectories, causes and effects of land cover and land use changes in Central Europe

Project time period:
January, 2019 to June, 2022

Substantial land cover and land use change (LCLUC) occurred in Central Europe after the Autumn of Nations in 1989, and the expansion of the European Union (EU) in 2004 and 2007. Currently, there are only a few studies in regional scale which have been summarised in detail LCLUC changes in this region, but still, we need more, in particular, spatial datasets and models which will contain detail information about trajectories of land cover and land use change, evaluation of its drivers, and assessment of its environmental effects over last fifty years. The first aim of this project is to apply recent advances in remote sensing for wall-to-wall mapping of land cover and land use change trajectories using optical and radar imagery and advantage of data-dense time series across Central Europe over last fifty years. We will focus on four countries from Central Europe (Czechia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia) which joined the EU in 2004. The second aim is to better understand the causes of land cover and land use change across Central Europe. Similar case studies provide substantial evidence for significant effects of land cover and land use change on biodiversity and carbon pools and fluxes. Finally, the third aim is to assess the effects of land cover and land use change on biodiversity and carbon pools and fluxes across Central Europe.

We gratefully acknowledge support by the Polish National Science Centre, project no. 2018/29/B/ST10/02979

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GLP Themes: Telecoupling of land use systems, Land governance, Land change trade-offs for ecosystem services and biodiversity , Land management systems, Urban-rural interactions

GLP Methods: Decision Making, Decision support systems and tools, Econometrics, GIS, Interdisciplinary methods, Modelling, Past land use/historical land use reconstruction, Remote Sensing, Spatial Analysis, Visualization/Scenarios

Principal Investigator(s)